Japan will undergo the first examination by the UN Committee of Persons with Disabilities in August.
Japan will undergo a political review by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in late August after a two-year delay due to the coronavirus pandemic, sources familiar with the matter said on Monday.
The review, the first from Japan, will recommend non-legally binding policy improvement measures to improve the lives and societal participation of people with disabilities. Japan ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2014.
Japan’s policy reviews will take place August 22-23 in Geneva, Switzerland, after the coronavirus pandemic delayed the process from its initial start in the summer of 2020. Recommendations are expected within a month of the reviews.
Elementary school students in Yokohama explore the areas around the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games competition venues in December 2020 with a wheelchair to compile an accessibility map. (Kyodo)
In pre-government questions, the committee likely highlighted issues such as the treatment of people with disabilities during natural disasters, long-term stays of patients in psychiatric hospitals, and past forced sterilizations under the Death Act. the protection of eugenics, which has now disappeared.
Between 1948 and 1996, the Eugenics Protection Act was used to authorize the sterilization of approximately 25,000 people with intellectual disabilities, mental illnesses or hereditary disorders. Around 16,500 had surgery without their consent, according to government data.
In April 2019, the Japanese parliament enacted a law to pay 3.2 million yen ($25,200) in state compensation to each person who underwent forced sterilization under the law. But legal battles over damages continue, with just 990 people having compensation approved as of the end of March.
After ratifying the convention in 2014, Japan submitted a report on its implementation of the convention to the United Nations in 2016.
Besides the government, citizens’ groups and other entities can also submit reports, and the committee will conduct its review while taking into account parallel reports from the Japan Federation of Bar Associations and disability groups.
“I want the government to accept the recommendations and strive to improve its policy measures,” said Satoshi Sato, who submitted a report as chairman of the Japan Disability Forum committee to promote the implementation of the agreement.
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